Titanium is a metallic chemical element with the symbol Ti and atomic number 22, located in Group IVB of the periodic table in the 4th period. It was discovered by Gregor in 1791. It is a silver-white transition metal characterized by its light weight, high strength, metallic luster, and resistance to wet chlorine gas corrosion. Titanium is considered a rare metal due to its dispersed existence in nature and difficulty in extraction. When it was used in the aviation and aerospace industry in the 1950s, it caused a sensation. However, over the years, many other industries have discovered numerous applications of titanium pipes due to their interesting properties such as toughness, light weight, and corrosion resistance.
Titanium pipes are lightweight, high strength, and mechanically superior. They are widely used in heat exchange equipment such as tube and shell heat exchangers, coil tube heat exchangers, serpentine tube heat exchangers, condensers, evaporators, and conveyance pipelines. Many nuclear power industries use titanium pipes as their plant standard pipes. So, what are the applications of titanium pipes?
Aviation and Aerospace Industry: As mentioned earlier, the main application of titanium is in the aviation and aerospace industry. It has been and still is used to manufacture aircraft frames and engines. The reason behind this is its lightweight property and ability to withstand high temperatures as a complement to material toughness.
Chemical Industry: Titanium pipes have entered the chemical industry due to their corrosion resistance properties. They are used in pipeline systems in addition to many other systems such as heat exchangers that are essential for heavy-duty processing.
Sports Industry: Cyclists who want to enjoy the sport without carrying heavy bicycles love bicycles made of titanium pipes. This is because titanium is relatively lightweight. This means that it is possible to have a bicycle that weighs almost nothing (e.g. 6 pounds) that can perform its duties. In addition to bicycles, titanium pipes are also used to produce golf clubs.
Oil and Gas Industry: Titanium pipes have entered the oil and gas industry due to their ability to withstand high temperatures. In addition, their high corrosion resistance makes them an ideal product for use in industry.
Construction Industry: Some structures have been built using this material because of its elasticity. In addition, its ability to form a protective film and its ability to resist rust makes it an excellent material for outdoor use.
Health Industry: In the health industry, pipes can be used to make lightweight wheelchairs.
In conclusion, due to their strong and lightweight properties, titanium pipes are entering many industries.